Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam – The Missile Man of India

AVUL PAKIR JAINULABDEEN ABDUL KALAM was a former INDIAN AEROSPACE SCIENTIST, He was a politician and he served as THE PRESIDENT OF INDIA from 2002-2007 and he was also a great author of Some of the Best Selling books of all time. He was also known as “THE MISSILE MAN OF INDIA” and he was also honoured with the “BHARAT RATNA” award, which is India’s highest civilian honour.

EARLY LIFE & EDUCATION

Abdul Kalam was born on 15th October 1931 to a Tamil Muslim family in the pilgrimage centre of Rameswaram on Pamban island which is now in Tamil Naidu. His father Jainulabdeen was an imam of a local mosque and his mother Ashiamma was a housewife.

Kalam was the youngest of his four brothers and one sister in his family. In his school years, Kalam was just an average student but his teachers used to describe him as a bright and hardworking student who had a strong desire to learn, he used to spent most of his time studying mathematics, and after completing his early education at the Schwartz Higher Secondary School he went to attend SAINT JOSEPH’S COLLEGE then affiliated with the UNIVERSITY OF MADRAS from where he graduated in PHYSICS.

PERSONAL LIFE

KALAM was noted for his integrity and his simple lifestyle, he always used to wake up early in the morning, he had also a habit of reading and playing musical instruments like the “VEENA”.

Religion and spirituality have played a very important role in KALAM’S life, He has been seen giving a Seminar on spirituality and religion, he has mentioned his spiritual experience in his final book ” TRANSCENDENCE: MY SPIRITUAL EXPERIENCES WITH PRAMUKH SWAMIJI”.

LIFE AS A SCIENTIST

In 1960, KALAM joined the DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ORGANISATION as a scientist after becoming a member of DEFENSE RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT SERVICE ( DRDS), he was also a part of INCOSPAR committee in which he was working under VIKRAM SARABHAI who was the Renowned Space Scientist.

In 1969 KALAM was transferred to ISRO which is INDIAN SPACE RESEARCH ORGANISATION where he was the PROJECT DIRECTOR of India’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle ( SLV-3 ).

Between the 1970s-1990s KALAM made an effective effort to develop the PSLV that is POLAR SATELLITE LAUNCH VEHICLE and SLV-3 projects which turns out to be successful.

Kalam also served as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the PRIME MINISTER and SECRETARY OF THE DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ORGANISATION from July 1992-1999, during these periods THE POKHRAN-2 nuclear tests were conducted in which he served the project as CHIEF PROJECT COORDINATOR along with RAJAGOPALA CHIDAMBARAM and when this project was successful KALAM became the household name and he started regarding as the best nuclear Scientist of INDIA.

KALAM AS PRESIDENT OF INDIA.

KALAM served as the 11th PRESIDENT of INDIA from 2002-2007. During his term as the President, he was affectionately known as the PEOPLE’S PRESIDENT. KALAM was highly popular among children, He was the first Scientist and the first bachelor to occupy RASHTRAPATI BHAWAN. KALAM was also criticised for his inaction in deciding the fate of 20 out of 21 mercy petitions submitted to him during his tenure. KALAM acted on only one mercy plea in his five-year tenure as president, rejecting the plea of rapist Dhananjoy Chatterjee who was later hanged.

In September 2003 KALAM supported the need of UNIFORM CIVIL CODE in INDIA, keeping the view of the population in INDIA.

HIS BOOKS

KALAM was the author of many best selling books, some of the books are listed below.

ACHIEVEMENTS & AWARDS

KALAM in his entire life has won many prestigious awards and his achievements are unmatchable some of his awards and achievements are as follows:-


VEER SAVARKAR AWARD in 1998

By GOVERNMENT OF INDIA.

INDIRA GANDHI AWARD FOR NATIONAL INTEGRATION in 1997

By INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS.

BHARAT RATNA AWARD in 1997

By GOVERNMENT OF INDIA.


RAMANUJAN AWARD in 2000

By ALWARS RESEARCH CENTRE, CHENNAI.

PADMA BHUSHAN in 1981

By GOVERNMENT OF INDIA.

PADMA VIBHUSAN in 1990

By GOVERNMENT OF INDIA.


QUOTES

KALAM was not only the greatest scientist but also he was a great teacher, he considers TEACHING as the best profession in this world, though KALAM sir is no more he died on 27th JULY 2015 in SHILLONG but his thoughts and his inspiring life will always teach the youngsters of INDIA as to always chase their dreams and never give up in any condition of the life.

So let’s see some of his famous quotes and remember this great personality:-

“EVERY PAIN GIVES A LESSON AND EVERY LESSON CHANGES A PERSON.”


“EDUCATION IS THE MOST POWERFUL WEAPON WHICH YOU CAN USE TO CHANGE THE WORLD.”


“MAN NEEDS DIFFICULTIES IN LIFE BECAUSE THEY ARE NECESSARY TO ENJOY THE SUCCESS.”


“IF YOU WANT TO SHINE LIKE A SUN. FIRST BURN LIKE SUN.”


“YOU HAVE TO DREAM BEFORE YOUR DREAMS CAN COME TRUE.”


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